What is perhaps less well known is how people at home coped as war was waged on distant shores.
But how life continued in Lanarkshire is precisely the subject of a fascinating new exhibition which has just opened its doors.
Lanarkshire’s War is the first joint collaboration by North and South Lanarkshire Councils for the World War One centenary commemorations.
It is the culmination of 18 months of work by South Lanarkshire Leisure and Culture (SLLC) museum service and Culture NL museums and heritage.
And this week, we were able to take a closer at the exhibition at Low Parks Museum in Hamilton.
Showing me around was Barrie Duncan, SLLC assistant museums officer and Michael Allan, Culture NL assistant curator.
Taking a seat in the exhibition’s very own cinema room, they explained the importance it played in the lives of locals.
Barrie said: “The reason we included the cinema was two-fold – people still went to the theatre and cinema and carried on their normal lives here, despite the war.
“But, more importantly perhaps, it was also a source of information about the war and its casualties for loved ones waiting for news.
“Arguably, the most striking example of this is a documentary which was screened showing the Battle of the Somme.
“Within a couple of months of its release, 20 million people in the UK had been to see it – the population at that time was around 43 million so it was a huge draw.
“It was the first full length documentary of the war ever recorded which was shown to the public.
“Many millions of people went to see it, no doubt in the hopes of catching a glimpse of family members or friends.”
While the exhibition cinema is not screening the documentary, it does display interesting footage shot in Lanarkshire during the war.
One artefact which will no doubt attract huge local interest is a roll of honour for the men in Lamington and Wandel who marched off to war – some of whom, sadly, never returned.
Unusally, though, the roll contains all the names of the 45 men who served from the parish, not just the seven who perished.
Barrie said: “One thing which really stands out is how many men from the same family served.
“It mentions no fewer than five men from the Swan family – three brothers and their two uncles.”
The family farmed at Loanhead in Carnwath and later at Overburns Farm in Lamington.
Brothers Gavin, James and Robert all survived the war, although Gavin was wounded twice and taken prisoner. Robert was also badly wounded while James appeared to survive the war largely unscathed.
Their uncle Alexander survived but, sadly, his brother William was not so lucky. Wounded in action, he died on April 1 1917, aged 35.
William Buchanan did not return to his family in Hazelbank either.
Having joined the 9th Battalion Black Watch in late 1914, he was killed in action in November 1915 – aged just 17 years old.
But the roll of honour is just one of many fascinating artefacts in the exhibition.
Michael said: “Most of the objects on display have been in families for generations before being donated to the museums service.
“Some of the items have never been on display before – we were amazed at just how much material we had.
“We couldn’t display it all, unfortunately, but we’ve chosen a selection of items which cover the length and breadth of Lanarkshire.”
Visitors can listen to voice actors on telephones, reading out letters sent home to loved ones from soldiers or commanding officers in the event of their death.
Another room has been staged to show what a home would have looked like – it even features the family dog! But it’s not quite finished yet.
Barrie explained: “We want to have that room set up so when someone walks in it triggers sound effects.
“We’re also considering using a background track of music from that era.”
As it stands, though, the exhibition is already both moving and fascinating.
Souvenirs of war, letters sent by commanding officers paying tribute to lost soldiers, death pennies, war medals and steel work memorials – it’s all waiting to be explored.
Lottery funded exhibition
Lanarkshire’s War opened at Low Parks Museum in Hamilton on April 3.
The Heritage Lottery and Museum Galleries Scotland funded project is part of a four-year UK programme, commemorating the centenary of World War One.
Using social, industrial, military and archive items from the collections of both North and South Lanarkshire Councils, it includes personal stories giving an insight into the impact of war on all aspects of Lanarkshire’s social and industrial life, as well as from those on the frontline.
Gerry Campbell, SLLC general manager, said: “Working with Culture NL on this project has been a tremendous example of sharing our heritage collections to best advantage in this national initiative.
“We are delighted to have worked in partnership with our colleagues in North Lanarkshire to bring to the people of our county such a thought-provoking social and historical exhibition.”
Jillian Ferrie, chief executive of CultureNL, agreed, saying: “We are delighted to be working in partnership with South Lanarkshire Leisure and Culture on this exhibition which aims to tell the story of the First World War from the perspective of the people who lived through it.
“We are sure the exhibition will be a success at Low Parks and we look forward to its appeal continuing when it comes to Summerlee.”
Lanarkshire’s War will be on display until the end of November at Low Parks Museum. Next year, it will take up residence at Summerlee Museum in Coatbridge from August to November.
Low Parks Museum in Hamilton’s Muir Street is open seven days a week and general admission and entry to the exhibition area is free.